Effect of insertion method on knoop hardness of high viscous glass ionomer cements

D. Prócida Raggio, C. Calil Bonifácio, M. Bönecker, J.C.P. Imparato, A.J. de Gee, W.E. van Amerongen

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


    The aim of this study was to assess the Knoop hardness of three high viscous glass ionomer cements: G1 - Ketac Molar; G2 - Ketac Molar Easymix (3M ESPE) and G3 - Magic Glass ART (Vigodent). As a parallel goal, three different methods for insertion of Ketac Molar Easymix were tested: G4 - conventional spatula; G5 - commercial syringe (Centrix) and G6 - low-cost syringe. Ten specimens of each group were prepared and the Knoop hardness was determined 5 times on each specimen with a HM-124 hardness machine (25 g/30 s dwell time) after 24 h, 1 and 2 weeks. During the entire test period, the specimens were stored in liquid paraffin at 37ºC. Significant differences were found between G3 and G1/G2 (two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test; p<0.01). There was no significant difference in the results among the multiple ways of insertion. The glass ionomer cement Magic Glass ART showed the lowest hardness, while the insertion technique had no significant influence on hardness.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)439-445
    JournalBrazilian Dental Journal
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2010


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