Effect of locally tailored clinical guidelines on intrapartum management of severe hypertensive disorders at Zanzibar's tertiary hospital (the PartoMa study)

Nanna Maaløe*, Camilla B. Andersen, Natasha Housseine, Tarek Meguid, Ib C. Bygbjerg, Jos van Roosmalen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the effect of locally tailored clinical guidelines on intrapartum care and perinatal outcomes among women with severe hypertensive disorders in pregnancy (sHDP). Methods: A pre–post study at Zanzibar's low-resource Mnazi Mmoja Hospital was conducted. All labouring women with sHDP were included at baseline (October 2014 to January 2015) and at 9–12 months after implementation of the ongoing intervention (October 2015 to January 2016). Background characteristics, clinical practice, and delivery outcomes were assessed by criterion-based case file reviews. Results: Overall, 188 of 2761 (6.8%) women had sHDP at baseline, and 196 of 2398 (8.2%) did so during the intervention months. The median time between last blood pressure recording and delivery decreased during the intervention compared with baseline (P=0.015). Among women with severe hypertension, antihypertensive treatment increased during the intervention compared with baseline (relative risk [RR] 1.37, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.14–1.66). Among the neonates delivered (birthweight ≥1000 g), stillbirths decreased (RR 0.56, 95% CI 0.35–0.90) and Apgar scores of seven or more increased during the intervention compared with baseline (RR 1.17, 95% CI 1.03–1.33). Conclusion: Although health system strengthening remains crucial, locally tailored clinical guidelines seemed to help work-overloaded birth attendants at a low-resource hospital to improve care for women with sHDP. ClinicalTrials.org: NCT02318420.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume144
Issue number1
Early online date26 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Birth asphyxia
  • Guidelines
  • Labor
  • PartoMa
  • Pre-eclampsia
  • Severe hypertensive disorders
  • Stillbirth
  • Tanzania

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