Effect of the number of two-wheeled containers at a gathering point on the energetic workload and work efficiency in refuse collecting

P. Paul F M Kuijer, Allard J. Van Der Beek, Jaap H van Dieën, Bart Visser, Monique H W Frings-Dresen

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Abstract

The effect of the number of two-wheeled containers at a gathering point on the energetic workload and the work efficiency in refuse collecting was studied in order to design an optimal gathering point for two-wheeled containers. Three sizes of gathering points were investigated, i.e. with 2, 16 and 32 two-wheeled containers at a gathering point. The collecting of two-wheeled containers was simulated in a test circuit. The energetic workload was quantified by the parameters oxygen uptake (1 min(-1)), heart rate (beats min(-1)) and perceived exertion. The work efficiency was quantified as the time it took to collect 32 two-wheeled containers per time period. The maximum acceptable amount of two-wheeled containers collected during an 8-h working day was estimated using the energetic criterion of a maximum oxygen uptake of 30% VO2max. The size of the gathering point had no effect on the oxygen uptake, heart rate or perceived exertion. However, the number of two-wheeled containers per collecting period (work efficiency) and the maximum acceptable amount during an 8-h working day were higher in the conditions with 16 and 32 two-wheeled containers at a gathering point compared to the condition with the 2 two-wheeled containers at a gathering point.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-7
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Ergonomics
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2002

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Efficiency
  • Human Engineering
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Activity
  • Netherlands
  • Physical Exertion
  • Refuse Disposal
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • Workload
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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