Effects of a Newly Developed Gratitude Intervention Program on Work Engagement Among Japanese Workers: A Pre- and Posttest Study

Yu Komase, Kazuhiro Watanabe, Kotaro Imamura, Norito Kawakami

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a 3-week gratitude intervention program that included gratitude lists and behavioral gratitude expression and to examine the effect of the program on work engagement, gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance in a pretest-posttest study design.

METHODS: Eight hundred thirty-five employees were recruited for the study. The outcomes were measured at baseline, postintervention, and at 6-week follow-up. Estimated means at the three points were compared in a mixed model for repeated measures.

RESULTS: One hundred forty-five workers were included and analyzed. Work engagement showed no significant improvement after the intervention. However, gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance improved significantly.

CONCLUSIONS: The program might be effective for improving gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance, but further modification of the program is needed to improve the effect on work engagement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e378-e383
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume61
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

Fingerprint

Self Efficacy
Psychology
Work Performance

Cite this

@article{8ee221654e7c4291a43fd45e5d653280,
title = "Effects of a Newly Developed Gratitude Intervention Program on Work Engagement Among Japanese Workers: A Pre- and Posttest Study",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a 3-week gratitude intervention program that included gratitude lists and behavioral gratitude expression and to examine the effect of the program on work engagement, gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance in a pretest-posttest study design.METHODS: Eight hundred thirty-five employees were recruited for the study. The outcomes were measured at baseline, postintervention, and at 6-week follow-up. Estimated means at the three points were compared in a mixed model for repeated measures.RESULTS: One hundred forty-five workers were included and analyzed. Work engagement showed no significant improvement after the intervention. However, gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance improved significantly.CONCLUSIONS: The program might be effective for improving gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance, but further modification of the program is needed to improve the effect on work engagement.",
author = "Yu Komase and Kazuhiro Watanabe and Kotaro Imamura and Norito Kawakami",
year = "2019",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1097/JOM.0000000000001661",
language = "English",
volume = "61",
pages = "e378--e383",
journal = "Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1076-2752",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "9",

}

Effects of a Newly Developed Gratitude Intervention Program on Work Engagement Among Japanese Workers : A Pre- and Posttest Study. / Komase, Yu; Watanabe, Kazuhiro; Imamura, Kotaro; Kawakami, Norito.

In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 61, No. 9, 09.2019, p. e378-e383.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a Newly Developed Gratitude Intervention Program on Work Engagement Among Japanese Workers

T2 - A Pre- and Posttest Study

AU - Komase, Yu

AU - Watanabe, Kazuhiro

AU - Imamura, Kotaro

AU - Kawakami, Norito

PY - 2019/9

Y1 - 2019/9

N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a 3-week gratitude intervention program that included gratitude lists and behavioral gratitude expression and to examine the effect of the program on work engagement, gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance in a pretest-posttest study design.METHODS: Eight hundred thirty-five employees were recruited for the study. The outcomes were measured at baseline, postintervention, and at 6-week follow-up. Estimated means at the three points were compared in a mixed model for repeated measures.RESULTS: One hundred forty-five workers were included and analyzed. Work engagement showed no significant improvement after the intervention. However, gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance improved significantly.CONCLUSIONS: The program might be effective for improving gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance, but further modification of the program is needed to improve the effect on work engagement.

AB - OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a 3-week gratitude intervention program that included gratitude lists and behavioral gratitude expression and to examine the effect of the program on work engagement, gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance in a pretest-posttest study design.METHODS: Eight hundred thirty-five employees were recruited for the study. The outcomes were measured at baseline, postintervention, and at 6-week follow-up. Estimated means at the three points were compared in a mixed model for repeated measures.RESULTS: One hundred forty-five workers were included and analyzed. Work engagement showed no significant improvement after the intervention. However, gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance improved significantly.CONCLUSIONS: The program might be effective for improving gratitude, self-efficacy, psychological distress, and job performance, but further modification of the program is needed to improve the effect on work engagement.

U2 - 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001661

DO - 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001661

M3 - Article

VL - 61

SP - e378-e383

JO - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1076-2752

IS - 9

ER -