Effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals on in vitro global DNA methylation and adipocyte differentation

L. Bastos Sales, J.H. Kamstra, P.H. Cenijn, L.S. van Rijt, T. Hamers, J. Legler

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Recent studies suggest that endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may form a risk factor for obesity by altering energy metabolism through epigenetic gene regulation. The goal of this study is to investigate the effects of a range of EDCs with putative obesogenic properties on global DNA methylation and adipocyte differentiation in vitro. Murine N2A and human SK-N-AS neuroblastoma cells and murine preadipocyte fibroblasts (3T3-L1) were exposed to tributyltin (TBT), diethylstilbestrol (DES), bisphenol A (BPA), 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-[. p]-dioxin (TCDD), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB-153), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), 2,2',4,4'-tetrabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-47) , perfluorinated octyl acid (PFOA) and perfluorinated octyl sulfonate (PFOS). A modest decrease in global DNA methylation was observed in N2A cells exposed to 10. μM DES, BPA, TCDD, BDE-47, PCB-153 and 1. μM HCB, but no changes were found in the human SK-N-AS cells. We reveal for the first time that BDE-47 increases adipocyte differentiation in a dose-dependent manner (2.5-25. μM). Adipocyte differentiation was also enhanced by TBT (≥10. nM) and BPA (<10. μM) and inhibited by TCDD (≥0.1. nM). The other chemicals showed either modest or no effects on adipocyte differentiation at the concentrations tested (PFOA, PFOS and HBCD at 10. μM; PCB-153, 3.4. μM and HCB, 1. μM). This study demonstrates that selected EDCs can induce functional changes in murine adipocyte differentiation in vitro which are accompanied by decreased global DNA methylation. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1634-1643
JournalToxicology in Vitro
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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