Recent studies suggest that endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) may form a risk factor for obesity by altering energy metabolism through epigenetic gene regulation. The goal of this study is to investigate the effects of a range of EDCs with putative obesogenic properties on global DNA methylation and adipocyte differentiation in vitro. Murine N2A and human SK-N-AS neuroblastoma cells and murine preadipocyte fibroblasts (3T3-L1) were exposed to tributyltin (TBT), diethylstilbestrol (DES), bisphenol A (BPA), 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-[. p]-dioxin (TCDD), 2,2',4,4',5,5'-hexachlorobiphenyl (PCB-153), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD), 2,2',4,4'-tetrabrominated diphenyl ether (BDE-47) , perfluorinated octyl acid (PFOA) and perfluorinated octyl sulfonate (PFOS). A modest decrease in global DNA methylation was observed in N2A cells exposed to 10. μM DES, BPA, TCDD, BDE-47, PCB-153 and 1. μM HCB, but no changes were found in the human SK-N-AS cells. We reveal for the first time that BDE-47 increases adipocyte differentiation in a dose-dependent manner (2.5-25. μM). Adipocyte differentiation was also enhanced by TBT (≥10. nM) and BPA (<10. μM) and inhibited by TCDD (≥0.1. nM). The other chemicals showed either modest or no effects on adipocyte differentiation at the concentrations tested (PFOA, PFOS and HBCD at 10. μM; PCB-153, 3.4. μM and HCB, 1. μM). This study demonstrates that selected EDCs can induce functional changes in murine adipocyte differentiation in vitro which are accompanied by decreased global DNA methylation. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.
Bastos Sales, L., Kamstra, J. H., Cenijn, P. H., van Rijt, L. S., Hamers, T., & Legler, J. (2013). Effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals on in vitro global DNA methylation and adipocyte differentation. Toxicology in Vitro, 27(6), 1634-1643. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2013.04.005