Effects of negative mood induction and impulsivity on self-perceived emotional eating

Marrie H.J. Bekker*, Carola Van De Meerendonk, Jessica Mollerus

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objective: The current study investigates the influence of negative mood induction and impulsivity on self-perceptions with respect to emotional eating. Negative affect as well as high impulsivity was expected to increase levels of self-perceived emotional eating. Method: College students who were high versus low in impulsivity were assigned randomly to either a negative (failure on a quiz) or a neutral mood induction. Their levels of self-perceived emotional eating were measured after and before mood induction. Results: Negative affect appeared to enhance the level of self-perceived emotional eating significantly (p < .01). There was no statistically significant effect of impulsivity. The interaction effect of affect and impulsivity approached significance (p = .08), indicating that highly impulsive subjects compared with subjects low in impulsivity were more strongly influenced by negative affect in self-perceived emotional eating. Discussion: Negative affect substantially influences self-perceptions in terms of emotional eating, which is relevant for both prevention and treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-469
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Eating disorders
  • Emotional eating
  • Failure
  • Frustration
  • Impulsivity
  • Mood
  • Negative affect
  • Perfectionism
  • Self-concept
  • Self-perceptions


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