Effects of perinatal HIV infection and early institutional rearing on physical and cognitive development of children in Ukraine

Natasha A. Dobrova-Krol, Marinus H. van IJzendoorn*, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, Femmie Juffer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

To study the effects of perinatal HIV-1 infection and early institutional rearing on the physical and cognitive development of children, 64 Ukrainian uninfected and HIV-infected institutionalized and family-reared children were examined (mean age = 50.9 months). Both HIV infection and institutional care were related to delays in physical and cognitive development, with a larger effect of the rearing environment. Family care, even of compromised quality, was found to be more favorable for children's physical and cognitive development than institutional care. The impact of the quality of child care on physical and cognitive development is discussed in light of future interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-251
Number of pages15
JournalChild Development
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

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