Effects of soil and dietary exposures to Ag nanoparticles and AgNO3 in the terrestrial isopod Porcellionides pruinosus

P.S. Tourinho, C.A.M. van Gestel, K. Jurkschat, A.M.V.M. Soares, Susana Loureiro

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The effects of Ag-NPs and AgNO<inf>3</inf> on the isopod Porcellionides pruinosus were determined upon soil and dietary exposures. Isopods avoided Ag in soil, with EC50 values of ∼16.0 and 14.0 mg Ag/kg for Ag-NPs and AgNO<inf>3</inf>, respectively. Feeding inhibition tests in soil showed EC50s for effects on consumption ratio of 127 and 56.7 mg Ag/kg, respectively. Although similar EC50s for effects on biomass were observed for nanoparticulate and ionic Ag (114 and 120 mg Ag/kg dry soil, respectively), at higher concentrations greater biomass loss was found for AgNO<inf>3</inf>. Upon dietary exposure, AgNO<inf>3</inf> was more toxic, with EC50 for effects on biomass change being >1500 and 233 mg Ag/kg for Ag-NPs and AgNO<inf>3</inf>, respectively. The difference in toxicity between Ag-NPs and AgNO<inf>3</inf> could not be explained from Ag body concentrations. This suggests that the relation between toxicity and bioavailability of Ag-NPs differs from that of ionic Ag in soils.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-177
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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