Effects of stimulation pattern on electrical stimulation-induced leg cycling performance

Thomas W J Janssen, Maaike Bakker, Annick Wyngaert, Karin H L Gerrits, Arnold de Haan

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Electrical stimulation-induced leg cycling (ES-LC) is beneficial for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), but cycling performance is often limited because of rapid fatigue of the stimulated muscles. This study evaluated whether a stimulation pattern with a catchlike-inducing pulse train increased force production and hence cycling performance. Five men with SCI performed ES-LC using different stimulation patterns: (1) the standard pattern with ramp modulation, (2) a pattern with no ramp modulation, (3) a pattern with no ramp modulation but with an initial doublet, and (4) a pattern with a middle doublet. None of the experimental patterns resulted in significantly improved cycling performance compared with the standard pattern. However, during the first 3 min of cycling, the current amplitude was significantly higher with the standard stimulation, suggesting that stimulation with no ramp modulation produces more force at the same submaximal current amplitude. The results do not indicate that stimulation with catchlike-inducing trains with the current parameter settings improves ES-LC performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)787-96
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
Issue number6A
Publication statusPublished - 3 Feb 2005


  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Bicycling
  • Electric Stimulation Therapy
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Spinal Cord Injuries
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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