Efficacy of behavioral classroom programs in primary school. A meta-analysis focusing on randomized controlled trials

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objective This meta-analysis evaluated the efficacy of behavioral classroom programs on symptoms of Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder or Oppositional Defiant and/or Conduct Disorder in primary school children. Method Online database searches (in PubMed, Embase, Psycinfo, and Eric) yielded nineteen randomized controlled trials (N = 18,094), comparing behavioral classroom programs (including multimodal programs involving a classroom program) to no treatment/treatment as usual. Random-effects meta-analyses were conducted for teacher-rated and classroom-observed disruptive classroom behavior and for classroom-observed on-task behavior. Post-hoc analyses investigated whether effects depended on type and severity of problem behavior. Meta-regressions studied the moderating effects of age, gender, and intervention duration. Results Small positive effects were found on teacher-rated disruptive behavior (d = -0.20) and classroom- observed on-task behavior (d = 0.39). Program effects on teacher-rated disruptive behavior were unrelated to age, gender, type and severity, but negatively associated with intervention duration (R2 = 0.43). Conclusion Behavioral classroom programs have small beneficial effects on disruptive behavior and ontask behavior. Results advocate universal programs for entire classrooms to prevent and reduce disruptive classroom behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0201779
Pages (from-to)1-23
Number of pages23
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume13
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Oct 2018

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