Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children and Adolescents in Central Kenya

Dorcas N. Magai, Jamil A. Malik, Hans M. Koot

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) during childhood and adolescence are a common concern for parents and mental health stakeholders. However, little has been documented about their prevalence in Kenyan children and adolescents. This study aimed to close this gap. The study included Child Behavior Checklist reports from 1022 Kenyan parents on their children (ages 6–18 years) and Youth Self-Reports from 533 adolescents (ages 12–18) living in Kenya’s Central Province. EBP in Kenya are highly prevalent compared to multi-cultural standards for parent reports, with 27 and 17% scoring in the borderline and clinical range, respectively. Based on parent reports, younger children scored higher on EBP than older children, and higher on internalizing problems. Based on self-reports girls scored higher than boys, particularly on internalizing problems. The study provides evidence on elevated parent-reported EBP in Kenyan youths. Mental health providers should focus on interventions that reduce EBP in Kenyan youths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalChild Psychiatry and Human Development
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Kenya
Self Report
Mental Health
Parents
Child Behavior
Checklist
Problem Behavior

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Emotional/behavioral problems
  • Kenya

Cite this

@article{6cd7367c4083438aaacafe7456383ef9,
title = "Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children and Adolescents in Central Kenya",
abstract = "Emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) during childhood and adolescence are a common concern for parents and mental health stakeholders. However, little has been documented about their prevalence in Kenyan children and adolescents. This study aimed to close this gap. The study included Child Behavior Checklist reports from 1022 Kenyan parents on their children (ages 6–18 years) and Youth Self-Reports from 533 adolescents (ages 12–18) living in Kenya’s Central Province. EBP in Kenya are highly prevalent compared to multi-cultural standards for parent reports, with 27 and 17{\%} scoring in the borderline and clinical range, respectively. Based on parent reports, younger children scored higher on EBP than older children, and higher on internalizing problems. Based on self-reports girls scored higher than boys, particularly on internalizing problems. The study provides evidence on elevated parent-reported EBP in Kenyan youths. Mental health providers should focus on interventions that reduce EBP in Kenyan youths.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Child, Emotional/behavioral problems, Kenya",
author = "Magai, {Dorcas N.} and Malik, {Jamil A.} and Koot, {Hans M.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1007/s10578-018-0783-y",
language = "English",
volume = "2018",
pages = "1--13",
journal = "Child Psychiatry and Human Development",
issn = "0009-398X",
publisher = "Kluwer Academic/Human Sciences Press Inc.",

}

Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children and Adolescents in Central Kenya. / Magai, Dorcas N.; Malik, Jamil A.; Koot, Hans M.

In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, Vol. 2018, 31.01.2018, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Emotional and Behavioral Problems in Children and Adolescents in Central Kenya

AU - Magai, Dorcas N.

AU - Malik, Jamil A.

AU - Koot, Hans M.

PY - 2018/1/31

Y1 - 2018/1/31

N2 - Emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) during childhood and adolescence are a common concern for parents and mental health stakeholders. However, little has been documented about their prevalence in Kenyan children and adolescents. This study aimed to close this gap. The study included Child Behavior Checklist reports from 1022 Kenyan parents on their children (ages 6–18 years) and Youth Self-Reports from 533 adolescents (ages 12–18) living in Kenya’s Central Province. EBP in Kenya are highly prevalent compared to multi-cultural standards for parent reports, with 27 and 17% scoring in the borderline and clinical range, respectively. Based on parent reports, younger children scored higher on EBP than older children, and higher on internalizing problems. Based on self-reports girls scored higher than boys, particularly on internalizing problems. The study provides evidence on elevated parent-reported EBP in Kenyan youths. Mental health providers should focus on interventions that reduce EBP in Kenyan youths.

AB - Emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) during childhood and adolescence are a common concern for parents and mental health stakeholders. However, little has been documented about their prevalence in Kenyan children and adolescents. This study aimed to close this gap. The study included Child Behavior Checklist reports from 1022 Kenyan parents on their children (ages 6–18 years) and Youth Self-Reports from 533 adolescents (ages 12–18) living in Kenya’s Central Province. EBP in Kenya are highly prevalent compared to multi-cultural standards for parent reports, with 27 and 17% scoring in the borderline and clinical range, respectively. Based on parent reports, younger children scored higher on EBP than older children, and higher on internalizing problems. Based on self-reports girls scored higher than boys, particularly on internalizing problems. The study provides evidence on elevated parent-reported EBP in Kenyan youths. Mental health providers should focus on interventions that reduce EBP in Kenyan youths.

KW - Adolescent

KW - Child

KW - Emotional/behavioral problems

KW - Kenya

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045063194&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85045063194&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10578-018-0783-y

DO - 10.1007/s10578-018-0783-y

M3 - Article

VL - 2018

SP - 1

EP - 13

JO - Child Psychiatry and Human Development

JF - Child Psychiatry and Human Development

SN - 0009-398X

ER -