Enchytraeus crypticus as model species in soil ecotoxicology.

M.P.C. Ferreira, D. Roelofs, C.A.M. van Gestel, R.A. Verweij, A.M.V.M. Soares, M.J.B. Amorim

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle

Abstract

Enchytraeids are ecologically relevant soil organisms, due to their activity in decomposition and bioturbation in many soil types worldwide. The enchytraeid reproduction test (ERT) guidelines ISO 16387 and OECD 220 are exclusive to the genus Enchytraeus and recommend using the species E. albidus with a 6-week test period. The suggested alternative, E. crypticus has a shorter generation time which may enable the ERT to be twice as fast. To confirm the suitability of a 3-week test period for E. crypticus, the toxicity of five chemicals, with distinct properties and modes of action, was assessed in LUFA 2.2 soil. In all controls the validity criteria were met, as survival of E. crypticus was above 92% and more than 772 juveniles were produced. The good performance supports its appropriateness as model species. Reproduction was more sensitive than survival, with only cadmium and 3,5-dichloroaniline causing significant lethal effects in the tested concentration ranges. The effect concentration causing 50% reduction in the number of juveniles (EC50) was 35mgkg
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1222-1227
JournalChemosphere
Volume87
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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