Endothelial dysfunction contributes to renal function-associated cardiovascular mortality in a population with mild renal insufficiency: The Hoorn study

F. Stam, C. van Guldener, A. Becker, J.M. Dekker, R.J. Heine, L.M. Bouter, C.D.A. Stehouwer

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Mildly impaired renal function is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. There are indications that endothelial dysfunction and/or chronic inflammation, which play an important role in atherothrombosis, are present in early stages of renal insufficiency. This study investigated whether and to which extent endothelial dysfunction and inflammation were related to renal function and contributed to renal function-associated cardiovascular mortality in a population-based cohort (n = 613), aged 50 to 75 yr, that was followed with a median duration of 12.5 yr. During follow-up, 192 individuals died (67 of cardiovascular causes). At baseline, renal function was estimated with serum creatinine, the Cockcroft-Gault formula, and the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation of GFR (eGFR). Endothelial function was estimated by plasma von Willebrand factor, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and the urinary albumin-creatinine ratio. Inflammatory activity was estimated by plasma C-reactive protein and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1. Renal function was mildly impaired (mean eGFR 68 ± 12 ml/min per 1.73 m
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)537-545
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
    Volume17
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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