Enhanced biocompatibility and improved osteogenesis of coralline hydroxyapatite modified by bone morphogenetic protein 2 incorporated into a biomimetic coating

X. Lin, E.B. Hunziker, T. Liu, Q. Hu, Y. Liu

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: (1) To determine whether the biocompatibility of coralline hydroxyapatite (CHA) granules could be improved by using an octacalcium phosphate (OCP) coating layer, and/or functionalized with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2), and (2) to investigate if BMP-2 incorporated into this coating is able to enhance its osteoinductive efficiency, in comparison to its surface-adsorbed delivery mode. Methods: CHA granules (0.25 g per sample) bearing a coating-incorporated depot of BMP-2 (20 μg/sample) together with the controls (CHA bearing an adsorbed depot of BMP-2; CHA granules with an OCP coating without BMP-2; pure CHA granules) were implanted subcutaneously in rats (n = 6 animals per group). Five weeks later, the implants were retrieved for histomorphometric analysis to quantify the volume of newly generated bone, bone marrow, fibrous tissue and foreign body giant cells (FBGCs). The osteoinductive efficiency of BMP-2 and the rates of CHA degradation were also determined. Results: The group with an OCP coating-incorporated depot of BMP-2 showed the highest volume and quality or bone, and the highest osteoinductive efficacy. OCP coating was able to reduce inflammatory responses (improve biocompatibility), and also simple adsorption of BMP-2 to CHA achieved this. Conclusions: The biocompatibility of CHA granules (reduction of inflammation) was significantly improved by coating with a layer of OCP. Pure surface adsorption of BMP-2 to CHA also reduced inflammation. Incorporation of BMP-2 into the OCP coatings was associated with the highest volume and quality of bone, and the highest biocompatibility degree of the CHA granules. Clinical significance: Higher osteoinductivity and improved biocompatibility of CHA can be obtained when a layer of BMP-2 functionalized OCP is deposited on the surfaces of CHA granules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-336
Number of pages8
JournalMaterials Science & Engineering C-Materials for Biological Applications
Volume96
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019

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