Enhancing Empirical Research for Linguistically Motivated Precision Grammars

Research output: PhD ThesisPhD Thesis - Research VU, graduation externalAcademic

Abstract

Grammars of natural language are highly complex objects. This complexity is reflected in formal analyses found in both syntactic theory and computational grammars. In particular, there are two factors that make it notoriously difficult to make strong assertions about analyses for natural language grammars. First, syntactic phenomena interact and therefore also their analyses interact. Second, typically more than one formal analysis can account for a given phenomenon. Grammar engineering is an incremental process. A syntactician or grammar engineer often needs to choose between analyses without conclusive evidence as to which analysis works best. Because analyses interact, this decision will affect possible analyses for phenomena handled in the future. This thesis proposes to store analyses in a metagrammar allowing grammar writers to maintain alternative analyses until enough evidence is found to make a choice. The approach is evaluated by comparing alternative analyses for auxiliaries and word order in German. Additionally, possibilities of using the approach for multilingual grammar engineering are examined. The results of these evaluations indicate that the proposed methodology provides a platform for a more systematic approach for grammar engineering. The approach furthermore improves modularity offering possibilities for parallel grammar development for multiple (related) languages.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationPhD
Awarding Institution
  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Uszkoreit, H., Supervisor, External person
  • Bender, E, Supervisor, External person
Publisher
Print ISBNs9781517266813
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

grammar
empirical research
engineering
language
evidence
engineer
writer
methodology
evaluation

Bibliographical note

Promotie aan de Universitaet des Saarlandes, naar Duitse regels.
Naam instelling promotie: VU Vrije Universiteit
Naam instelling onderzoek: VU Vrije Universiteit

Cite this

Fokkens, A.S.. / Enhancing Empirical Research for Linguistically Motivated Precision Grammars. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2014. 398 p.
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title = "Enhancing Empirical Research for Linguistically Motivated Precision Grammars",
abstract = "Grammars of natural language are highly complex objects. This complexity is reflected in formal analyses found in both syntactic theory and computational grammars. In particular, there are two factors that make it notoriously difficult to make strong assertions about analyses for natural language grammars. First, syntactic phenomena interact and therefore also their analyses interact. Second, typically more than one formal analysis can account for a given phenomenon. Grammar engineering is an incremental process. A syntactician or grammar engineer often needs to choose between analyses without conclusive evidence as to which analysis works best. Because analyses interact, this decision will affect possible analyses for phenomena handled in the future. This thesis proposes to store analyses in a metagrammar allowing grammar writers to maintain alternative analyses until enough evidence is found to make a choice. The approach is evaluated by comparing alternative analyses for auxiliaries and word order in German. Additionally, possibilities of using the approach for multilingual grammar engineering are examined. The results of these evaluations indicate that the proposed methodology provides a platform for a more systematic approach for grammar engineering. The approach furthermore improves modularity offering possibilities for parallel grammar development for multiple (related) languages.",
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language = "English",
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Enhancing Empirical Research for Linguistically Motivated Precision Grammars. / Fokkens, A.S.

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2014. 398 p.

Research output: PhD ThesisPhD Thesis - Research VU, graduation externalAcademic

TY - THES

T1 - Enhancing Empirical Research for Linguistically Motivated Precision Grammars

AU - Fokkens, A.S.

N1 - Promotie aan de Universitaet des Saarlandes, naar Duitse regels. Naam instelling promotie: VU Vrije Universiteit Naam instelling onderzoek: VU Vrije Universiteit

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Grammars of natural language are highly complex objects. This complexity is reflected in formal analyses found in both syntactic theory and computational grammars. In particular, there are two factors that make it notoriously difficult to make strong assertions about analyses for natural language grammars. First, syntactic phenomena interact and therefore also their analyses interact. Second, typically more than one formal analysis can account for a given phenomenon. Grammar engineering is an incremental process. A syntactician or grammar engineer often needs to choose between analyses without conclusive evidence as to which analysis works best. Because analyses interact, this decision will affect possible analyses for phenomena handled in the future. This thesis proposes to store analyses in a metagrammar allowing grammar writers to maintain alternative analyses until enough evidence is found to make a choice. The approach is evaluated by comparing alternative analyses for auxiliaries and word order in German. Additionally, possibilities of using the approach for multilingual grammar engineering are examined. The results of these evaluations indicate that the proposed methodology provides a platform for a more systematic approach for grammar engineering. The approach furthermore improves modularity offering possibilities for parallel grammar development for multiple (related) languages.

AB - Grammars of natural language are highly complex objects. This complexity is reflected in formal analyses found in both syntactic theory and computational grammars. In particular, there are two factors that make it notoriously difficult to make strong assertions about analyses for natural language grammars. First, syntactic phenomena interact and therefore also their analyses interact. Second, typically more than one formal analysis can account for a given phenomenon. Grammar engineering is an incremental process. A syntactician or grammar engineer often needs to choose between analyses without conclusive evidence as to which analysis works best. Because analyses interact, this decision will affect possible analyses for phenomena handled in the future. This thesis proposes to store analyses in a metagrammar allowing grammar writers to maintain alternative analyses until enough evidence is found to make a choice. The approach is evaluated by comparing alternative analyses for auxiliaries and word order in German. Additionally, possibilities of using the approach for multilingual grammar engineering are examined. The results of these evaluations indicate that the proposed methodology provides a platform for a more systematic approach for grammar engineering. The approach furthermore improves modularity offering possibilities for parallel grammar development for multiple (related) languages.

M3 - PhD Thesis - Research VU, graduation external

SN - 9781517266813

PB - CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform

ER -

Fokkens AS. Enhancing Empirical Research for Linguistically Motivated Precision Grammars. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2014. 398 p.