Equal egocentric bias in school-aged children with and without autism spectrum disorders

Sander Begeer, Daniel M Bernstein, Andre Aßfalg, Halima Azdad, Tessa Glasbergen, Marlies Wierda, Hans M Koot

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Egocentric bias is a core feature of autism. This phenomenon has been studied using the false belief task. However, typically developing children who pass categorical (pass or fail) false belief tasks may still show subtle egocentric bias. We examined 7- to 13-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n=76) or typical development (n=113) using tasks with a continuous response scale: a modified false belief task and a visual hindsight bias task. All children showed robust egocentric bias on both tasks, but no group effects were found. Our large sample size, coupled with our sensitive tasks and resoundingly null group effects, indicate that children with and without ASD possess more similar egocentric tendencies than previously reported.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-26
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016

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Autistic Disorder
Sample Size
Autism Spectrum Disorder

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Child
  • Child Development
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Theory of Mind
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

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title = "Equal egocentric bias in school-aged children with and without autism spectrum disorders",
abstract = "Egocentric bias is a core feature of autism. This phenomenon has been studied using the false belief task. However, typically developing children who pass categorical (pass or fail) false belief tasks may still show subtle egocentric bias. We examined 7- to 13-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n=76) or typical development (n=113) using tasks with a continuous response scale: a modified false belief task and a visual hindsight bias task. All children showed robust egocentric bias on both tasks, but no group effects were found. Our large sample size, coupled with our sensitive tasks and resoundingly null group effects, indicate that children with and without ASD possess more similar egocentric tendencies than previously reported.",
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Equal egocentric bias in school-aged children with and without autism spectrum disorders. / Begeer, Sander; Bernstein, Daniel M; Aßfalg, Andre; Azdad, Halima; Glasbergen, Tessa; Wierda, Marlies; Koot, Hans M.

In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol. 144, 04.2016, p. 15-26.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Equal egocentric bias in school-aged children with and without autism spectrum disorders

AU - Begeer, Sander

AU - Bernstein, Daniel M

AU - Aßfalg, Andre

AU - Azdad, Halima

AU - Glasbergen, Tessa

AU - Wierda, Marlies

AU - Koot, Hans M

N1 - Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2016/4

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N2 - Egocentric bias is a core feature of autism. This phenomenon has been studied using the false belief task. However, typically developing children who pass categorical (pass or fail) false belief tasks may still show subtle egocentric bias. We examined 7- to 13-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n=76) or typical development (n=113) using tasks with a continuous response scale: a modified false belief task and a visual hindsight bias task. All children showed robust egocentric bias on both tasks, but no group effects were found. Our large sample size, coupled with our sensitive tasks and resoundingly null group effects, indicate that children with and without ASD possess more similar egocentric tendencies than previously reported.

AB - Egocentric bias is a core feature of autism. This phenomenon has been studied using the false belief task. However, typically developing children who pass categorical (pass or fail) false belief tasks may still show subtle egocentric bias. We examined 7- to 13-year-old children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n=76) or typical development (n=113) using tasks with a continuous response scale: a modified false belief task and a visual hindsight bias task. All children showed robust egocentric bias on both tasks, but no group effects were found. Our large sample size, coupled with our sensitive tasks and resoundingly null group effects, indicate that children with and without ASD possess more similar egocentric tendencies than previously reported.

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