Erosive tooth wear in children

T.S. Carvalho, A. Lussi, T. Jaeggi, D.L. Gambon

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


Erosive tooth wear in children is a common condition. Besides the anatomical differences between deciduous and permanent teeth, additional histological differences may influence their susceptibility to dissolution. Considering laboratory studies alone, it is not clear whether deciduous teeth are more liable to erosive wear than permanent teeth. However, results from epidemiological studies imply that the primary dentition is less wear resistant than permanent teeth, possibly due to the overlapping of erosion with mechanical forces (like attrition or abrasion). Although low severity of tooth wear in children does not cause a significant impact on their quality of life, early erosive damage to their permanent teeth may compromise their dentition for their entire lifetime and require extensive restorative procedures. Therefore, early diagnosis of erosive wear and adequate preventive measures are important. Knowledge on the aetiological factors of erosive wear is a prerequisite for preventive strategies. Like in adults, extrinsic and intrinsic factors, or a combination of them, are possible reasons for erosive tooth wear in children and adolescents. Several factors directly related to erosive tooth wear in children are presently discussed, such as socio-economic aspects, gastroesophageal reflux or vomiting, and intake of some medicaments, as well as behavioural factors such as unusual eating and drinking habits. Additionally, frequent and excessive consumption of erosive foodstuffs and drinks are of importance.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationErosive tooth wear: from diagnosis to therapy
EditorsA. Lussi, C. Ganss
Place of PublicationBasel
ISBN (Print)9783318025521
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

2nd, revised and extended edition of 'Dental Erosion - From Diagnosis to Therapy', Vol. 20


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