Evaluation of HapMap data in six populations of European descent.

P.E. Lundmark, U. Liljedahl, D.I. Boomsma, H. Mannila, N.G. Martin, A. Palotie, L. Peltonen, M. Perola, T.D. Spector, A.C. Syvänen

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Abstract

We studied how well the European CEU samples used in the Haplotype Mapping Project (HapMap) represent five European populations by analyzing nuclear family samples from the Swedish, Finnish, Dutch, British and Australian (European ancestry) populations. The number of samples from each population (about 30 parent-offspring trios) was similar to that in the HapMap sample sets. A panel of 186 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) distributed over the 1.5Mb region of the GRID2 gene on chromosome 4 was genotyped. The genotype data were compared pair-wise between the HapMap sample and the other population samples. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to cluster the data from different populations with respect to allele frequencies and to define the markers responsible for observed variance. The only sample with detectable differences in allele frequencies was that from Kuusamo, Finland. This sample also separated from the others, including the other Finnish sample, in the PCA analysis. A set of tagSNPs was defined based on the HapMap data and applied to the samples. The tagSNPs were found to capture the genetic variation in the analyzed region at r
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1142-1150
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Volume16
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Cohort Studies

  • Netherlands Twin Register (NTR)

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