Evaluation of tumour promoting potency of fish borne toxaphene residues as compared to technical toxaphene and uv-irradiated toxaphene

H.T. Besselink, E. Nixon, B. McHugh, G. Rimkus, J. Klungsoyr, P.E.G. Leonards, J. de Boer, A. Brouwer

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In this study the potential impact of food chain-based biotransformation and physico-chemical weathering of toxaphene on its tumour promoting potential was investigated in vitro and in vivo. Human exposure to toxaphene is mainly through consumption of contaminated fish, therefore fish-borne residues of toxaphene (cod liver extract, CLE) were prepared by exposing cod to technical toxaphene (TT) for 63 days. UV-irradiated toxaphene (uvT) was included to represent a physico-chemical weathered toxaphene mixture. In vitro, TT, uvT and CLE all showed a dose- and time-dependent inhibition of gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) with a relative potency of CLE > TT = uvT. Tumour promoting potency was further studied in vivo in a medium term two-stage initiation/promotion bioassay in female Sprague-Dawley rats, using an increase in altered hepatic foci positive for glutathione-S-transferase-P (AHF-GST-P) as read out. No increase in AHF-GST-P occurred following exposure to either TT, uvT, or CLE, except for the positive control group (2,3,7,8-TCDD). Based on this study the no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) for tumour promoting potency is at least 12.5 mg/kg/week, or higher for CLE. Considering current human exposure levels in Europe it is doubtful that consumption of fish at current levels of toxaphene contamination give rise to human health risk. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2629-2638
Number of pages10
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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