Evidence for diamond-grade ultra-high pressure metamorphism and fluid interaction in the Swartberget Fe-Ti garnet periodotite-websterite body, Western Gneiss Region, Norway

J.C. Vrijmoed, H.L.M. Van Roermund, G.R. Davies

    Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    Based on mineral-chemical evidence we propose that the northernmost Scandian ultra-high pressure (UHP) metamorphic domain within the Western Gneiss Region of Norway can be extended 25 km northeastwards. A newly discovered, well preserved, fine-grained, Fe-Ti type garnet peridotite body at Svartberget, located in the Ulla Gneiss of the 'Møre og Romsdal' area north of Molde, is cut by a network of systematically orientated coarse-grained garnet-websterite and garnetite veins. Standard thermobarometric techniques based on electron microprobe analyses yield pressure (P) and temperature (T) estimates around 3.4 GPa, and 800°C for the peridotite body and 5.5 GPa, and 800°C for the websterite veins consistent with UHP conditions. In addition, polyphase solid inclusions, consisting of silicates, carbonates, sulphates and elemental carbon (including microdiamond), are randomly located in garnet and clinopyroxene of the websterite vein assemblage. Garnet-clinopyroxene mineral pairs yield a Sm-Nd cooling age of 393 ± 3 Ma for the peridotite and 381 ± 6 Ma for the vein assemblage suggesting that the Svartberget body was overprinted during the UHPM of the Scandian Orogeny. The initial ratio of the mineral isochron and Nd model ages suggest a mid-Proterozoic origin for the peridotite body. The polyphase inclusions, coupled with high
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)381-405
    JournalMineralogy and Petrology
    Volume88
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

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