Evidence that organic farming promotes pest control

Lucile Muneret, Matthew Mitchell, Verena Seufert, Stéphanie Aviron, El Aziz Djoudi, Julien Pétillon, Manuel Plantegenest, Denis Thiéry, Adrien Rusch

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Ecological intensification of agro-ecosystems, based on the optimization of ecological functions such as biological pest control, to replace agrochemical inputs is a promising route to reduce the ecological footprint of agriculture while maintaining commodity production. However, the performance of organic farming, often considered as a prototype of ecological intensification, in terms of pest control remains largely unknown. Here, using two distinct meta-analyses, we demonstrate that, compared to conventional cropping systems, (i) organic farming promotes overall biological pest control potential, (ii) organic farming has higher levels of overall pest infestations but (iii) that this effect strongly depends on the pest type. Our study shows that there are lower levels of pathogen infestation, similar levels of animal pest infestation and much higher levels of weed infestation in organic than in conventional systems. This study provides evidence that organic farming can enhance pest control and suggests that organic farming offers a way to reduce the use of synthetic pesticide for the management of animal pests and pathogens without increasing their levels of infestation.

LanguageEnglish
Pages361-368
Number of pages8
JournalNature Sustainability
Volume1
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Pest control
Organic Agriculture
organic farming
Pest Control
pest control
organic production
animal parasites and pests
Biological Pest Control
Pathogens
evidence
Animals
biological control
pathogen
animal
pests
commodity production
Agrochemicals
ecological footprint
Pesticides
Ecosystems

Cite this

Muneret, L., Mitchell, M., Seufert, V., Aviron, S., Djoudi, E. A., Pétillon, J., ... Rusch, A. (2018). Evidence that organic farming promotes pest control. Nature Sustainability, 1(7), 361-368. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-018-0102-4
Muneret, Lucile ; Mitchell, Matthew ; Seufert, Verena ; Aviron, Stéphanie ; Djoudi, El Aziz ; Pétillon, Julien ; Plantegenest, Manuel ; Thiéry, Denis ; Rusch, Adrien. / Evidence that organic farming promotes pest control. In: Nature Sustainability. 2018 ; Vol. 1, No. 7. pp. 361-368.
@article{c6ce6f5605884b6c82efe7f2406bb312,
title = "Evidence that organic farming promotes pest control",
abstract = "Ecological intensification of agro-ecosystems, based on the optimization of ecological functions such as biological pest control, to replace agrochemical inputs is a promising route to reduce the ecological footprint of agriculture while maintaining commodity production. However, the performance of organic farming, often considered as a prototype of ecological intensification, in terms of pest control remains largely unknown. Here, using two distinct meta-analyses, we demonstrate that, compared to conventional cropping systems, (i) organic farming promotes overall biological pest control potential, (ii) organic farming has higher levels of overall pest infestations but (iii) that this effect strongly depends on the pest type. Our study shows that there are lower levels of pathogen infestation, similar levels of animal pest infestation and much higher levels of weed infestation in organic than in conventional systems. This study provides evidence that organic farming can enhance pest control and suggests that organic farming offers a way to reduce the use of synthetic pesticide for the management of animal pests and pathogens without increasing their levels of infestation.",
author = "Lucile Muneret and Matthew Mitchell and Verena Seufert and St{\'e}phanie Aviron and Djoudi, {El Aziz} and Julien P{\'e}tillon and Manuel Plantegenest and Denis Thi{\'e}ry and Adrien Rusch",
year = "2018",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41893-018-0102-4",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "361--368",
journal = "Nature Sustainability",
issn = "2398-9629",
publisher = "Nature Research",
number = "7",

}

Muneret, L, Mitchell, M, Seufert, V, Aviron, S, Djoudi, EA, Pétillon, J, Plantegenest, M, Thiéry, D & Rusch, A 2018, 'Evidence that organic farming promotes pest control', Nature Sustainability, vol. 1, no. 7, pp. 361-368. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-018-0102-4

Evidence that organic farming promotes pest control. / Muneret, Lucile; Mitchell, Matthew; Seufert, Verena; Aviron, Stéphanie; Djoudi, El Aziz; Pétillon, Julien; Plantegenest, Manuel; Thiéry, Denis; Rusch, Adrien.

In: Nature Sustainability, Vol. 1, No. 7, 01.07.2018, p. 361-368.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evidence that organic farming promotes pest control

AU - Muneret, Lucile

AU - Mitchell, Matthew

AU - Seufert, Verena

AU - Aviron, Stéphanie

AU - Djoudi, El Aziz

AU - Pétillon, Julien

AU - Plantegenest, Manuel

AU - Thiéry, Denis

AU - Rusch, Adrien

PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - Ecological intensification of agro-ecosystems, based on the optimization of ecological functions such as biological pest control, to replace agrochemical inputs is a promising route to reduce the ecological footprint of agriculture while maintaining commodity production. However, the performance of organic farming, often considered as a prototype of ecological intensification, in terms of pest control remains largely unknown. Here, using two distinct meta-analyses, we demonstrate that, compared to conventional cropping systems, (i) organic farming promotes overall biological pest control potential, (ii) organic farming has higher levels of overall pest infestations but (iii) that this effect strongly depends on the pest type. Our study shows that there are lower levels of pathogen infestation, similar levels of animal pest infestation and much higher levels of weed infestation in organic than in conventional systems. This study provides evidence that organic farming can enhance pest control and suggests that organic farming offers a way to reduce the use of synthetic pesticide for the management of animal pests and pathogens without increasing their levels of infestation.

AB - Ecological intensification of agro-ecosystems, based on the optimization of ecological functions such as biological pest control, to replace agrochemical inputs is a promising route to reduce the ecological footprint of agriculture while maintaining commodity production. However, the performance of organic farming, often considered as a prototype of ecological intensification, in terms of pest control remains largely unknown. Here, using two distinct meta-analyses, we demonstrate that, compared to conventional cropping systems, (i) organic farming promotes overall biological pest control potential, (ii) organic farming has higher levels of overall pest infestations but (iii) that this effect strongly depends on the pest type. Our study shows that there are lower levels of pathogen infestation, similar levels of animal pest infestation and much higher levels of weed infestation in organic than in conventional systems. This study provides evidence that organic farming can enhance pest control and suggests that organic farming offers a way to reduce the use of synthetic pesticide for the management of animal pests and pathogens without increasing their levels of infestation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85051926970&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85051926970&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41893-018-0102-4

DO - 10.1038/s41893-018-0102-4

M3 - Article

VL - 1

SP - 361

EP - 368

JO - Nature Sustainability

T2 - Nature Sustainability

JF - Nature Sustainability

SN - 2398-9629

IS - 7

ER -

Muneret L, Mitchell M, Seufert V, Aviron S, Djoudi EA, Pétillon J et al. Evidence that organic farming promotes pest control. Nature Sustainability. 2018 Jul 1;1(7):361-368. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-018-0102-4