Extraction of isoflavone malonylglucosides from Tritolium pratense L.

A.H.W. Toebes, V. de Boer, J.A.C. Verkley, H. Lingeman, W.H.O. Ernst

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Extraction of isoflavone malonylglucosides from red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a complicated procedure. This is due to the relatively unstable character of the thermolabile glucoside malonates as well as by action of native β-glucosidases, resulting in a rapid degradation of malonylated glucosides into their corresponding aglucones. In this study, Tris was identified as a suitable β-glucosidase inhibitor in red clover extracts, optimized at 350 mM Tris in 80% ethanol at pH 7.2. Extraction of fresh red clover leaves using Tris increased the concentration of malonate conjugated isoflavones approximately 13 to 24 times as opposed to extraction without Tris. A comparison of isoflavone profiles obtained after extraction with and without Tris of different plant organs of red clover and several species within the family Fabaceae suggests that the amount and/or activity of the degenerative β-glucosidase enzymes vary for the different plant parts of red clover and among the species studied. Therefore, the use of standard extraction methods may well result in overestimation of the concentration of aglucones and consequently underestimation of the malonylglucoside isoflavones concentration depending on the plant species and plant part studied. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4660-4666
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number12
Early online date17 May 2005
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2005

Bibliographical note

Working title?: Extraction of riboflavine malonylglucosides from Tritolium pratense L.


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