Eye remember what happened: Eye-closure improves recall of events but not face recognition

A. Vredeveldt, C.G. Tredoux, K. Kempen, A. Nortje

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Eye-closure improves event recall. We investigated whether eye-closure can also facilitate subsequent performance on lineup identification (Experiment 1) and face recognition tasks (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants viewed a theft, recalled the event with eyes open or closed, mentally rehearsed the perpetrator's face with eyes open or closed, and viewed a target-present or target-absent lineup. Eye-closure improved event recall, but did not significantly affect lineup identification accuracy. Experiment 2 employed a face recognition paradigm with high statistical power to permit detection of potentially small effects. Participants viewed 20 faces and were later asked to recognize the faces. Thirty seconds before the recognition task, participants either completed an unrelated distracter task (control condition), or were instructed to think about the face with their eyes open (rehearsal condition) or closed (eye-closure condition). We found no differences between conditions in discrimination accuracy or response criterion. Potential explanations and practical implications are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-180
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Volume2015
Issue number29/2
Early online date7 Jan 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Theft
Closure
Face Recognition
Facial Recognition
Experiment
Rehearsal
Paradigm
Perpetrators
Discrimination

Cite this

Vredeveldt, A. ; Tredoux, C.G. ; Kempen, K. ; Nortje, A. / Eye remember what happened: Eye-closure improves recall of events but not face recognition. In: Applied Cognitive Psychology. 2015 ; Vol. 2015, No. 29/2. pp. 169-180.
@article{03fc93f660694b7ca14ae5b0639ba70f,
title = "Eye remember what happened: Eye-closure improves recall of events but not face recognition",
abstract = "Eye-closure improves event recall. We investigated whether eye-closure can also facilitate subsequent performance on lineup identification (Experiment 1) and face recognition tasks (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants viewed a theft, recalled the event with eyes open or closed, mentally rehearsed the perpetrator's face with eyes open or closed, and viewed a target-present or target-absent lineup. Eye-closure improved event recall, but did not significantly affect lineup identification accuracy. Experiment 2 employed a face recognition paradigm with high statistical power to permit detection of potentially small effects. Participants viewed 20 faces and were later asked to recognize the faces. Thirty seconds before the recognition task, participants either completed an unrelated distracter task (control condition), or were instructed to think about the face with their eyes open (rehearsal condition) or closed (eye-closure condition). We found no differences between conditions in discrimination accuracy or response criterion. Potential explanations and practical implications are discussed.",
author = "A. Vredeveldt and C.G. Tredoux and K. Kempen and A. Nortje",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1002/acp.3092",
language = "English",
volume = "2015",
pages = "169--180",
journal = "Applied Cognitive Psychology",
issn = "0888-4080",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "29/2",

}

Eye remember what happened: Eye-closure improves recall of events but not face recognition. / Vredeveldt, A.; Tredoux, C.G.; Kempen, K.; Nortje, A.

In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 2015, No. 29/2, 2015, p. 169-180.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eye remember what happened: Eye-closure improves recall of events but not face recognition

AU - Vredeveldt, A.

AU - Tredoux, C.G.

AU - Kempen, K.

AU - Nortje, A.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Eye-closure improves event recall. We investigated whether eye-closure can also facilitate subsequent performance on lineup identification (Experiment 1) and face recognition tasks (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants viewed a theft, recalled the event with eyes open or closed, mentally rehearsed the perpetrator's face with eyes open or closed, and viewed a target-present or target-absent lineup. Eye-closure improved event recall, but did not significantly affect lineup identification accuracy. Experiment 2 employed a face recognition paradigm with high statistical power to permit detection of potentially small effects. Participants viewed 20 faces and were later asked to recognize the faces. Thirty seconds before the recognition task, participants either completed an unrelated distracter task (control condition), or were instructed to think about the face with their eyes open (rehearsal condition) or closed (eye-closure condition). We found no differences between conditions in discrimination accuracy or response criterion. Potential explanations and practical implications are discussed.

AB - Eye-closure improves event recall. We investigated whether eye-closure can also facilitate subsequent performance on lineup identification (Experiment 1) and face recognition tasks (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, participants viewed a theft, recalled the event with eyes open or closed, mentally rehearsed the perpetrator's face with eyes open or closed, and viewed a target-present or target-absent lineup. Eye-closure improved event recall, but did not significantly affect lineup identification accuracy. Experiment 2 employed a face recognition paradigm with high statistical power to permit detection of potentially small effects. Participants viewed 20 faces and were later asked to recognize the faces. Thirty seconds before the recognition task, participants either completed an unrelated distracter task (control condition), or were instructed to think about the face with their eyes open (rehearsal condition) or closed (eye-closure condition). We found no differences between conditions in discrimination accuracy or response criterion. Potential explanations and practical implications are discussed.

U2 - 10.1002/acp.3092

DO - 10.1002/acp.3092

M3 - Article

VL - 2015

SP - 169

EP - 180

JO - Applied Cognitive Psychology

JF - Applied Cognitive Psychology

SN - 0888-4080

IS - 29/2

ER -