Facilitated defensive coping, silent ischaemia and ECG left-ventricular hypertrophy: the SABPA study

L. Malan, M. Hamer, M.P. Schlaich, G.W. Lambert, B.H. Harvey, M. Reimann, T. Ziemssen, E.J.C. de Geus, H.W. Huisman, J.M. van Rooyen, R. Schutte, A.E. Schutte, C.M.T. Fourie, Y.K. Seedat, N.T. Malan

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background: Defensive active coping responses (being-in-control, acceptance of the stressor as reality) have been associated with vascular hyper-responsiveness in urban Africans. However, the association between active coping responses, blood pressure (BP), and ECG-derived left-ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) responses is unknown. OBJECTIVES AND Methods: Associations between BP, silent ischaemia and ECG Cornell product LVH were assessed in 161 African and Caucasian men with active coping responses identified by the Amirkhan Coping Strategy Indicator. BP, ECG and silent ischaemia data were obtained from 24-h ambulatory monitoring. Beat-to-beat BP was continuously recorded during stress testing and fasting resting blood samples obtained for biochemical analyses. Results: Enhanced ß-adrenergic central cardiac responses were evident in active coping Caucasians as opposed to a predomination of α-adrenergic vascular responses in active coping Africans. Active coping African men displayed higher 24-h BP and prevalence of silent ischaemia events compared to the Caucasian men. Regression analyses revealed that α-adrenergic responses were associated with silent ischaemic events, adjusted R
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-550
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012


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