Fair competition in refuse collection market

R.H.J.M. Gradus, E. Dijkgraaf

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademic


We estimate whether fair competition exists for tendering refuse collection in the Netherlands. The results indicate that concentration increases prices and offsets the advantage of contracting out. The presence of competing public firms might be essential to ensure fair competition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)701-704
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Publication statusPublished - 2007


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