Five values of giftedness

K.M. Besjes, D.J. de Ruyter

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article describes five values attributed to giftedness. The ascription of values to this phenomenon resembles values attached to gifts in gift-giving processes. Whereas gift-giving often includes expectations of reciprocity, each gift possesses a numerical, utility, social, personal, and intrinsic value. Developmental models of giftedness and educational thinking reflect these values. Within prevailing models, the utility value of giftedness reigns. Its numerical value comes second. Social and personal values play a considerable role, yet the gift's intrinsic value is almost absent. This finding leads to the conclusion that the value attribution is unbalanced. This article suggests turning to dynamical-systems approaches, which might balance the value attribution to giftedness. It could expand valuations with the idea of a genuine gift, not requiring reciprocation. © The Roeper Institute.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-207
JournalRoeper Review. A journal on gifted education
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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