Russia occupies a key position in European climate policy. Cooperation with Russia offers two policy options to the West European industrialised states which are required, under the terms of the Kyoto Protocol, to reduce their carbon dioxide emissions. Natural gas imported from Russia could be used to replace coal, which produces higher CO2 emissions. In addition, the EU could buy up the considerable tradeable emission rights allotted to Russia and Ukraine in the negotiations on an international climate convention. If the EU states choose to take up these options, however, they will find themselves in a situation of dual carbon dependence which has considerable potential for conflict.
|Translated title of the contribution||Flows of carbon between east and west: Between economic efficiency, energy security, and carbon dependence|
|Pages (from-to)||292-299 + 380|
|Journal||Osteuropa. Zeitschrift für Gegenwartsfragen des Ostens|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2004|