Cyanobacteria respond to iron deficiency during growth by expressing the isiA gene, which produces a chlorophyll-carotenoid protein complex known as IsiA or CP43′. Long-term iron deficiency results in the formation of large IsiA aggregates, some of which associate with photosystem I (PSI) while others are not connected to a photosystem. The fluorescence at room temperature of these unconnected aggregates is strongly quenched, which points to a photoprotective function. In this study, we report time-resolved fluorescence measurements of IsiA aggregates at low temperatures. The average fluorescence lifetimes are estimated to be about 600 ps at 5 K and 150 ps at 80 K. Both lifetimes are much shorter than that of the monomeric complex CP47 at 77 K. We conclude that IsiA aggregates quench fluorescence to a significant extent at cryogenic temperatures. We show by low-temperature fluorescence spectroscopy that unconnected IsiA is present already after two days of growth in an iron-deficient medium, when PSI and PSII are still present in significant amounts and that under these conditions the fluorescence quenching is similar to that after 18 days, when PSI is almost completely absent. We conclude that unconnected IsiA provides photoprotection in all stages of iron deficiency. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|