Fostering Scientific Meta-analyses with Knowledge Graphs: A Case-Study

Ilaria Tiddi*, Daniel Balliet, Annette ten Teije

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book / Report / Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

A meta-analysis is a Science of Science method widely used in the medical and social sciences to review, aggregate and quantitatively synthesise a body of studies that address the same research question. With the volume of research growing exponentially every year, conducting meta-analyses can be costly and inefficient, as a significant amount of time and human efforts needs to be spent in finding studies meeting research criteria, annotating them, and properly performing the statistical analyses to summarise the findings. In this work, we show these issues can be tackled with semantic representations and technologies, using a social science scenario as case-study. We show how the domain-specific content of research outputs can be represented and used to facilitate their search, analysis and synthesis. We present the very first representation of the domain of human cooperation, and the application we built on top of this to help experts in performing meta-analyses semi-automatically. Using few application scenarios, we show how our approach supports the various phases meta-analyses, and more in general contributes towards research replication and automated hypotheses generation.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Semantic Web
Subtitle of host publication17th International Conference, ESWC 2020, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, May 31–June 4, 2020, Proceedings
EditorsAndreas Harth, Sabrina Kirrane, Axel-Cyrille Ngonga Ngomo, Heiko Paulheim, Anisa Rula, Anna Lisa Gentile, Peter Haase, Michael Cochez
PublisherSpringer
Pages287-303
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9783030494612
ISBN (Print)9783030494605
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event17th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2020 - Heraklion, Greece
Duration: 31 May 20204 Jun 2020

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume12123 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference17th Extended Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2020
CountryGreece
CityHeraklion
Period31/05/204/06/20

Keywords

  • e-Science
  • Knowledge graphs
  • Meta-analysis
  • Science of Science

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