Foundations in the Netherlands: Toward a diversified social model?

Theo N.M. Schuyt*, Barbara M. Gouwenberg, Barry L.K. Hoolwerf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article describes the history, development, and current position of Dutch foundations. In the past, the philanthropy sector and foundations initiated many nonprofit services in the Netherlands. Along with the growth of the welfare state, philanthropy was sidelined. Due to public funding, the pillarized Dutch nonprofit sector extended strongly. However, despite its large scale it shows a special feature. Most nonprofits are still privately governed institutions although publicly funded. In the 1980s, governmental budget cuts forced the nonprofits to embrace the market as income source. A dualistic model got dominancy or state or market. At the end of the 20th century, however, philanthropy revived and a new philanthropy sector emerged. The article addresses the issue of the role of philanthropy in changing (European) welfare states. Are we experiencing further marketization and privatization—toward a so-called Anglo-Saxon shareholder model—or are we seeing a continuation of the so-called Rhineland, multistakeholder model of government, market, and philanthropy?

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1833-1843
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Behavioral Scientist
Issue number13
Early online date14 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2018


  • diversified social model
  • philanthropy
  • welfare state


Dive into the research topics of 'Foundations in the Netherlands: Toward a diversified social model?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this