Friendship and emotion control in pre-adolescents with or without hearing loss

Carolien Rieffe, E. Broekhof, Adva Eichengreen, Maartje Kouewenberg, Guida Veiga, B. M. S. da Silva, Anneke van der Laan, J. H. M. Frijns

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Emotional functioning plays a crucial role in the social development of children and adolescents. We examined the extent to which emotion control was related to the quality of friendships in pre-adolescents with and without hearing loss. We tested 350 pre-adolescents (75 deaf/hard of hearing in mainstream education (DHHm), 48 deaf/hard of hearing in special education (DHHs), and 227 hearing) through self-report. Outcomes confirmed a positive association between emotion control and positive friendships for all groups, with one notable exception: more approach strategies for emotion regulation were associated with more negative friendship features in the DHHs group. In addition, the DHHm group demonstrated high levels of emotion control, while their levels of positive friendship features were still lower compared to the hearing group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-218
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
Issue number3
Early online date4 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018
Externally publishedYes


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