Abstract

The objective of this study was to explore how maternal mood during pregnancy, i.e., general anxiety, pregnancy-specific anxiety, and depression predicted parenting stress 3 months after giving birth, thereby shaping the child’s early postnatal environmental circumstances. To this end, data were used from 1073 women participating in the Dutch longitudinal cohort Generations2, which studies first-time pregnant mothers during pregnancy and across the transition to parenthood. Women filled out the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire-revised (PRAQ-R), and Beck Depression Index (BDI) three times during pregnancy: at 12, 22, and 32 weeks gestational age. Three months postpartum, a parenting stress questionnaire was filled out yielding seven different parenting constructs. Latent scores were computed for each of the repeatedly measured maternal mood variables with Mplus and parenting stress constructs were simultaneously regressed on these latent scores. Results showed that trait anxiety and pregnancy-specific anxiety were uniquely related to almost all parenting stress constructs, taking depression into account. Early prevention and intervention to reduce maternal anxiety in pregnancy could hold the key for a more advantageous trajectory of early postnatal parenting.

LanguageEnglish
Pages663-672
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Women's Mental Health
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

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Parenting
Longitudinal Studies
Anxiety
Pregnancy
Mothers
Depression
Postpartum Period
Gestational Age
Parturition
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Depression
  • Parenting stress
  • Pregnancy anxiety
  • Prenatal

Cite this

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title = "From prenatal anxiety to parenting stress: a longitudinal study",
abstract = "The objective of this study was to explore how maternal mood during pregnancy, i.e., general anxiety, pregnancy-specific anxiety, and depression predicted parenting stress 3 months after giving birth, thereby shaping the child’s early postnatal environmental circumstances. To this end, data were used from 1073 women participating in the Dutch longitudinal cohort Generations2, which studies first-time pregnant mothers during pregnancy and across the transition to parenthood. Women filled out the State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Pregnancy-Related Anxiety Questionnaire-revised (PRAQ-R), and Beck Depression Index (BDI) three times during pregnancy: at 12, 22, and 32 weeks gestational age. Three months postpartum, a parenting stress questionnaire was filled out yielding seven different parenting constructs. Latent scores were computed for each of the repeatedly measured maternal mood variables with Mplus and parenting stress constructs were simultaneously regressed on these latent scores. Results showed that trait anxiety and pregnancy-specific anxiety were uniquely related to almost all parenting stress constructs, taking depression into account. Early prevention and intervention to reduce maternal anxiety in pregnancy could hold the key for a more advantageous trajectory of early postnatal parenting.",
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From prenatal anxiety to parenting stress : a longitudinal study. / Huizink, A. C.; Menting, B.; De Moor, M. H.M.; Verhage, M. L.; Kunseler, F. C.; Schuengel, C.; Oosterman, M.

In: Archives of Women's Mental Health, Vol. 20, No. 5, 01.10.2017, p. 663-672.

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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