Frontal eye field microstimulation induces task-dependent gamma oscillations in the lateral intraparietal area

E. Premereur, W. Vanduffel, P.R. Roelfsema, P. Janssen

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Macaque frontal eye fields (FEF) and the lateral intraparietal area (LIP) are high-level oculomotor control centers that have been implicated in the allocation of spatial attention. Electrical micro stimulation of macaque FEF elicits functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activations in area LIP, but no study has yet investigated the effect of FEF microstimulation on LIP at the single-cell or local field potential (LFP) level. We recorded spiking and LFP activity in area LIP during weak, subthreshold micro stimulation of the FEF in a delayed-saccade task. FEF micro stimulation caused a highly time- and frequency-specific, task-dependent increase in gamma power in retinotopically corresponding sites in LIP: FEF micro stimulation produced a significant increase in LIP gamma power when a saccade target appeared and remained present in the LIP receptive field (RF), whereas less specific increases in alpha power were evoked by FEF micro stimulation for saccades directed away from the RF. Stimulating FEF with weak currents had no effect on LIP spike rates or on the gamma power during memory saccades or passive fixation. These results provide the first evidence for task dependent modulations of LFPs in LIP caused by top-down stimulation of FEF. Since the allocation and disengagement of spatial attention in visual cortex have been associated with increases in gamma and alpha power, respectively, the effects of FEF micro stimulation on LIP are consistent with the known effects of spatial attention.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1392-1402
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume108
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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