Functional hindrance due to spasticity in individuals with spinal cord injury during inpatient rehabilitation and 1 year thereafter

I. P. Van Cooten*, G. J. Snoek, A. V. Nene, S. De Groot, M. W.M. Post

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Study Design: Prospective cohort study. Objective: To assess functional hindrance due to spasticity during inpatient rehabilitation and 1 year thereafter in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) and to determine factors that influence the hindrance. Setting: Eight specialized rehabilitation centres in the Netherlands. Methods: A total of 203 patients with recent SCI rated the hindrance they perceived due to spasticity in daily living at the start of active rehabilitation (t1), 3 months later (t2), at discharge (t3) and 1 year after discharge (t4). Hindrance was dichotomized into absent or negligible and present. Multilevel regression analyses were performed to determine the course of functional hindrance due to spasticity and its associations with possible determinants - namely, age, gender, cause, lesion level, motor completeness, spasticity and anti-spasticity medication. Results: The percentage of individuals that indicated functional hindrance due to spasticity ranged from 54 to 62% over time and did not change significantly over time (Δt3t1 odds ratio (OR)=0.85, P=0.44; Δt3t2 OR=1.20, P=0.41; Δt3t4 OR=0.91, P=0.67). The percentage of individuals who experienced a lot of hindrance due to spasticity during specific activities ranged from 4 to 27%. The odds for experiencing functional hindrance due to spasticity were significantly higher for individuals with tetraplegia (OR=2.17, P=0.0001), more severe spasticity (OR=5.51, P<0.0001) and for those using anti-spasticity medication (OR=4.18, P<0.0001). Conclusion: Functional hindrance due to spasticity occurred in the majority of persons with SCI and did not change significantly during inpatient rehabilitation and 1 year thereafter. Factors that influence hindrance were determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-667
Number of pages5
JournalSpinal cord
Volume53
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Sep 2015
Externally publishedYes

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