Gender differences in selection into self-competition

Werner Bönte*, Vivien Procher, Diemo Urbig

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


While previous studies demonstrated that, in many settings, women tend to be less willing than men to engage in interpersonal competition, this study focuses on selection into self-competition. Competing against own past performances can be an integral part of life, including job and sports. Using data obtained from a lab-in-the-field experiment, we find empirical evidence that women are, on average, more reluctant than men to compete against their own past performance. Our results suggest that this difference can be mainly explained by gender differences in risk preferences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-543
Number of pages5
JournalApplied Economics Letters
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 4 May 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Competition
  • experiment
  • gender differences
  • risk preferences

Cite this