Gendered study choice: a literature review. A review of theory and research into the unequal representation of male and female students in mathematics, science, and technology

D. Yazilitas, J.S. Svensson, G.C. de Vries, S. Saharso

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticle


This article presents an overview of the recent literature on gendered patterns of academic choice in mathematics, science, and technology. It distinguishes in this literature micro-level, macro-level, and institutional explanations. Micro-level explanations focus primarily on psychological constructs, that is, variables at the level of the individual students. Macro-level explanations focus primarily on socioeconomic conditions and cultural understandings of gender roles. Institutional explanations focus on design characteristics of (national) education systems. After a presentation of these perspectives and of recent research progress that has been made, the authors critically discuss the lacunae that still exist in explaining cross-national variety, and provide suggestions for designing future research in this field. © 2013 © 2013 Taylor & Francis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-545
JournalEducational Research and Evaluation
Issue number6
Early online date28 Jun 2013
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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