Gene-based pleiotropy across migraine with aura and migraine without aura patient groups

H. Zhao, E. Eising, B. de Vries, L.S. Vijfhuizen, V. Anttila, B.S. Winsvold, T. Kurth, H. Stefansson, M. Kallela, R. Malik, A.H. Stam, M. Arfan Ikram, L. Ligthart, T. Freilinger, M. Alexander, B. Müller-Myhsok, S Schreiber, T. Meitinger, A. Aromas, J.G. ErikssonD.I. Boomsma, C.M. van Duijn, J.A. Zwart, L. Quaye, C. Kubisch, M. Dichgans, M. Wessman, K. Stefansson, D.I. Chasman, A. Palotie, N.G. Martin, G.W. Montgomery, M.D. Ferrari, G.M. Terwindt, A.M.J.M. van den Maagdenberg, DR Nyholt

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction It is unclear whether patients diagnosed according to International Classification of Headache Disorders criteria for migraine with aura (MA) and migraine without aura (MO) experience distinct disorders or whether their migraine subtypes are genetically related. Aim Using a novel gene-based (statistical) approach, we aimed to identify individual genes and pathways associated both with MA and MO. Methods Gene-based tests were performed using genome-wide association summary statistic results from the most recent International Headache Genetics Consortium study comparing 4505 MA cases with 34,813 controls and 4038 MO cases with 40,294 controls. After accounting for non-independence of gene-based test results, we examined the significance of the proportion of shared genes associated with MA and MO. Results We found a significant overlap in genes associated with MA and MO. Of the total 1514 genes with a nominally significant gene-based p value (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)648-657
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Cohort Studies

  • Netherlands Twin Register (NTR)


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