Generalized financial ratios to predict the equity premium

Andres Algaba*, Kris Boudt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Empirical evidence for the price-dividend ratio to be a predictor of the equity premium is weak. We argue that changes in the economic conditions and market composition lead to a time-varying relationship between prices, dividends and the equity premium. Exploiting the information in the rolling window log-log regression of stock prices on dividends, we obtain the Generalized Price-Dividend Ratio (GPDR), that compares the price per share with a time-varying transformation of the dividend per share. The GPDR leads to economic and statistical gains when forecasting the equity premium of the S&P 500 at the 1, 3, 6 and 12 month horizon, as compared to using the classical price-dividend ratio or the prevailing historical average excess market return. Similar improvements are obtained for Generalized Financial Ratios based on the corporate earnings and book value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-257
Number of pages14
JournalEconomic Modelling
Early online date24 Jul 2017
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2017


  • Equity premium
  • ERP
  • Financial ratios
  • Forecast combination
  • Price-dividend ratio
  • Time-varying parameters


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