Generation of a global synthetic tropical cyclone hazard dataset using STORM

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Over the past few decades, the world has seen substantial tropical cyclone (TC) damages, with the 2017 Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria entering the top-5 costliest Atlantic hurricanes ever. Calculating TC risk at a global scale, however, has proven difficult given the limited temporal and spatial information on TCs across much of the global coastline. Here, we present a novel database on TC characteristics on a global scale using a newly developed synthetic resampling algorithm we call STORM (Synthetic Tropical cyclOne geneRation Model). STORM can be applied to any meteorological dataset to statistically resample and model TC tracks and intensities. We apply STORM to extracted TCs from 38 years of historical data from IBTrACS to statistically extend this dataset to 10,000 years of TC activity. We show that STORM preserves the TC statistics as found in the original dataset. The STORM dataset can be used for TC hazard assessments and risk modeling in TC-prone regions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number40
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalScientific Data
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 6 Feb 2020


We thank SURFsara ( for the support in using the Lisa Computer Cluster. NB and JCJHA are funded by a VICI grant from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) (Grant Number 453-13-006). IDH was funded by NERC Grant CompFlood (Grant Number NE/S003150/1). SM received funding from the research programme MOSAIC with project number ASDI.2018.036, which is financed by the Dutch Research Council (NWO).

FundersFunder number
Natural Environment Research CouncilNE/S003150/1
Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek453-13-006


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