Geographical Distribution of Unemployment: An Analysis of Provincial Differences in Italy

Maria Francesca Cracolici, Miranda Cuffaro, Peter Nijkamp

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Abstract

Unemployment rates appear to vary widely at a subregional (e.g., local or provincial) level. Using spatial econometric models for spatial autocorrelation, this paper focuses attention on the spatial structure of regional unemployment disparities of Italian provinces. On the basis of findings from the economic literature and of the available socio-economic data, various model specifications including different explanatory variables are tested to investigate the geographical distribution of unemployment in the 103 provinces of Italy for the years 1998 and 2003. The results suggest that there is a clear explanation of unemployment differentials in terms of spatial equilibrium and disequilibrium factors and a significant degree of spatial dependence among labour markets at the provincial level in Italy. Provinces marked by high unemployment, as well as those characterized by low unemployment, tend to be spatially clustered, demonstrating the presence of unemployment 'persistency' in space and time regimes.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherTinbergen Instituut
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Publication series

NameDiscussion paper TI
No.07-065/3

Fingerprint

unemployment
geographical distribution
analysis
econometrics
disequilibrium
labor market
autocorrelation
economics
province

Cite this

Cracolici, M. F., Cuffaro, M., & Nijkamp, P. (2007). Geographical Distribution of Unemployment: An Analysis of Provincial Differences in Italy. (Discussion paper TI; No. 07-065/3). Amsterdam: Tinbergen Instituut.
Cracolici, Maria Francesca ; Cuffaro, Miranda ; Nijkamp, Peter. / Geographical Distribution of Unemployment: An Analysis of Provincial Differences in Italy. Amsterdam : Tinbergen Instituut, 2007. (Discussion paper TI; 07-065/3).
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Cracolici, MF, Cuffaro, M & Nijkamp, P 2007 'Geographical Distribution of Unemployment: An Analysis of Provincial Differences in Italy' Discussion paper TI, no. 07-065/3, Tinbergen Instituut, Amsterdam.

Geographical Distribution of Unemployment: An Analysis of Provincial Differences in Italy. / Cracolici, Maria Francesca; Cuffaro, Miranda; Nijkamp, Peter.

Amsterdam : Tinbergen Instituut, 2007. (Discussion paper TI; No. 07-065/3).

Research output: Working paperProfessional

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AU - Cuffaro, Miranda

AU - Nijkamp, Peter

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AB - Unemployment rates appear to vary widely at a subregional (e.g., local or provincial) level. Using spatial econometric models for spatial autocorrelation, this paper focuses attention on the spatial structure of regional unemployment disparities of Italian provinces. On the basis of findings from the economic literature and of the available socio-economic data, various model specifications including different explanatory variables are tested to investigate the geographical distribution of unemployment in the 103 provinces of Italy for the years 1998 and 2003. The results suggest that there is a clear explanation of unemployment differentials in terms of spatial equilibrium and disequilibrium factors and a significant degree of spatial dependence among labour markets at the provincial level in Italy. Provinces marked by high unemployment, as well as those characterized by low unemployment, tend to be spatially clustered, demonstrating the presence of unemployment 'persistency' in space and time regimes.

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Cracolici MF, Cuffaro M, Nijkamp P. Geographical Distribution of Unemployment: An Analysis of Provincial Differences in Italy. Amsterdam: Tinbergen Instituut. 2007. (Discussion paper TI; 07-065/3).