Going electric: Environmental and welfare impacts of urban ground and air transport

Anna Straubinger*, Erik T. Verhoef, Henri L.F. de Groot

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This research aims to assess the broader impact of electric mobility in urban settlements, paying attention to both electrified ground and air transport. Considering electric cars as well as electric passenger drones, often referred to as UAM (urban air mobility), we use an urban spatial computable general equilibrium model to assess the welfare and environmental impacts of a transition to electric mobility. A numerical simulation of the model shows that a transition from gasoline to electric cars yields major emission reductions, while leading to welfare losses due to tax-induced market distortions. Introducing UAM into a gasoline-car city leads to marginal overall welfare gains. Introducing UAM into a city with electric cars results in welfare losses. While introducing UAM as an alternative to gasoline cars decreases CO2 emissions, the introduction of UAM as alternative to electric cars leads to increasing emissions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103146
JournalTransportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Author(s)


  • Electric vehicles
  • Environmental impact
  • Spatial equilibrium
  • Urban air mobility
  • Welfare effects


Dive into the research topics of 'Going electric: Environmental and welfare impacts of urban ground and air transport'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this