Good solvent effects of C70 cluster formations and their electron-transporting and photoelectrochemical properties

Noriyasu Tezuka, Tomokazu Umeyama, Yoshihiro Matano, Tetsuya Shishido, Mitsuo Kawasaki, Masayuki Nishi, Kazuyuki Hirao, Heli Lehtivuori, Nikolai V. Tkachenko, Helge Lemmetyinen, Yoshihito Honsho, Shu Seki, Hiroshi Imahori*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Good solvent effects of C70 cluster formations and their electron-transporting and photoelectrochemical properties have been systematically examined for the first time. Nano-to-micrometer scale assemblies of C70 with different morphologies were prepared by rapidly injecting poor solvent (i.e., acetonitrile) into a solution of C70 dissolved in various good solvents (i.e., benzene, toluene, chlorobenzene, etc). The cluster morphology engineering was successfully achieved by changing the good solvent, yielding the spherical, rodlike, or platelike clusters in the mixed solvents. The clusters of C70 were electrophoretically deposited onto a nanostructured SnO2 electrode to examine the photoelectrochemical properties under the white light or monochromatic light illumination. The maximum incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE) varied from 0.8 to 10% depending on the combinations of the poor-good solvents. The differences in the IPCE values are discussed in terms of the surface area, thickness, and electron mobility of the deposited cluster films. The electron mobility is found to be the most predominant factor for the IPCE, indicating the importance of the electron-transporting process in the overall photocurrent generation. In addition, the electron mobility is closely correlated with the underlying molecular alignment and the resultant cluster structure. Thus, these results will provide basic clue for the design of C70-based molecular devices including the organic photovoltaics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14287-14297
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume114
Issue number45
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2010

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