Graded Exercise Testing Versus Simulated Competition Exercise in Trained Older Males.

S. van der Zwaard, G. Rougoor, P.Y. van Kasteel, J. Greany, J.J. de Koning, E. Hill, J.P. Porcari, B. Allen, C. Foster

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


PURPOSE: Exercise-based rehabilitation is a standard therapy for patients with heart disease. Despite examples of patients who have extended normal rehabilitation exercise into competitive participation, there are no clear-cut guidelines for patients whether they should participate in competitive-level exercise. This study investigated the occurrence of complications, physiologic responses, and exercise patterns during simulated competitive exercise in active, older nonathletes (most with a history of cardiovascular disease) and compared these with responses during maximal incremental exercise. METHODS: Fourteen trained older males, 7 with stable cardiovascular disease, performed an incremental exercise test and time trial of 55 kJ (equivalent to running ~ 1 mile) on a semirecumbent stepping ergometer. Variables of gas exchange, hemodynamics, perception, and power output were measured in both tests. RESULTS: Subjects attained a remarkably high physiologic and psychologic strain (respiratory exchange ratio 1.0; average peak rating of perceived exertion 8) in both tests, with no evidence of symptomatic, hemodynamic, or electrocardiographic abnormalities. Peak physiologic responses were not significantly different between simulated competition and incremental exercise. The fixed-work time trial was finished in 8.97 ± 1.85 minutes, mean power output of 100 ± 26 W. Results showed a distinct pacing pattern in the relative power output, consisting of a conservative start, an even-paced middle portion, and an end spurt. CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that in trained individuals with normal incremental exercise test results, competitive-level efforts may be undertaken with no apparent side effects. This may provide a strategy whereby physicians can advise patients concerning their decision to perform in competitive events.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-430
JournalJournal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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