Grain-size records at ODP site 1146 from the northern South China Sea: Implications on the East Asian monsoon evolution since 20 Ma

Shi Ming Wan*, An Chun Li, Jan Berend W. Stuut, Fang Jian Xu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

273 samples from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1146 in the northern South China Sea (SCS) were analyzed for grain-size distributions using grain-size class vs. standard deviation method and end-member modeling algorithm (EMMA) in order to investigate the evolution of the East Asian monsoon since about 20 Ma. 10-19 μm/1.3-2.4 μm, the ratio of two grain-size populations with the highest variability through time was used to indicate East Asian winter monsoon intensity relative to summer monsoon. The mass accumulation rate of the coarsest end member EM1 (eolian), resulting from EMMA, can be used as a proxy of winter monsoon strength and Asian inland aridity, and the ratio of EM1/(EM2+EM3) as a proxy of winter monsoon intensity relative to summer monsoon. The combined proxies show that a profound enhancement of East Asian winter monsoon strength and winter monsoon intensity relative to summer monsoon occurred at about 8 Ma, and it is possible that the summer monsoon simultaneously intensified with winter monsoon at 3 Ma. Our results are well consistent with the previous studies in loess, eolian deposion in the Pacifc, radiolarians and planktonic foraminifera in the SCS. The phased uplift of the Himalaya-Tibetan Plateau may have played a significant role in strengthening the Asian monsoon at 8 Ma and 3 Ma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1536-1547
Number of pages12
JournalScience in China, Series D: Earth Sciences
Volume50
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2007

Keywords

  • East Asian monsoon
  • Eolian dust
  • Grain size
  • ODP Leg184
  • South China Sea

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