This paper describes the results of twelve criminal investigations into criminal activities of hardcore supporters of a Dutch soccer club. The information from these criminal investigations consists of among other 74,246 transcribed, wiretapped telephone conversations and 643 pages with transcribed bed, secretly recorded conversations in cars (between March 2009 and June 2013). The organization and execution of these criminal activities (particularly large-scale drugs trade and extortion) is described within the context of the daily activities of these Hard- core supporters. This context consists of regularly visiting soccer games (in the Netherlands and abroad), bars and the supporters home, and the subculture of hooliganism. The results show a criminal group using the opportunity structures related to hooliganism for carrying out criminal activities.
|Translated title of the contribution||Hardcore soccer supporters, opportunity strutures and organized crime|
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Tijdschrift voor Criminologie|
|Publication status||Published - 20 Dec 2017|