Harde-kernsupporters, gelegenheidsstructuren en georganiseerde criminaliteit

Translated title of the contribution: Hardcore soccer supporters, opportunity strutures and organized crime

E.R. Kleemans, Bart J. Collard

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This paper describes the results of twelve criminal investigations into criminal activities of hardcore supporters of a Dutch soccer club. The information from these criminal investigations consists of among other 74,246 transcribed, wiretapped telephone conversations and 643 pages with transcribed bed, secretly recorded conversations in cars (between March 2009 and June 2013). The organization and execution of these criminal activities (particularly large-scale drugs trade and extortion) is described within the context of the daily activities of these Hard- core supporters. This context consists of regularly visiting soccer games (in the Netherlands and abroad), bars and the supporters home, and the subculture of hooliganism. The results show a criminal group using the opportunity structures related to hooliganism for carrying out criminal activities.
Translated title of the contributionHardcore soccer supporters, opportunity strutures and organized crime
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)406-424
Number of pages19
JournalTijdschrift voor Criminologie
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2017

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Hardcore soccer supporters, opportunity strutures and organized crime'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this