The hazard function describes the conditional probability that an event will occur at a given moment, given that it has not yet occurred. In warned reaction time tasks, it is a classical finding that the response to a target stimulus is faster as its hazard is higher, which has led to the widespread belief that hazard somehow drives temporal preparation. Alternatively, recent cognitive theories propose that temporal preparation is driven by memory traces of earlier timing experiences. To distinguish between these views, we presented different groups of participants with different distributions of foreperiods between temporal cues and target stimuli. Three experiments revealed clear transfer effects of this manipulation in a test phase where all participants received, after explicit instruction, the same uniform distribution. These findings demonstrate that temporal preparation is driven by past experience, not by current hazard.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2017|
- Hazard function
- Long-term memory
- Temporal preparation