HCMV-encoded G-protein-coupled receptors as constitutively active modulators of cellular signaling networks

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Several herpesviruses encode G-protein-coupled receptor (vGPCR) proteins that are homologous to human chemokine receptors. In contrast to chemokine receptors, many vGPCRs signal in a ligand-independent (constitutive) manner. Such constitutive signaling is of major significance because various pathologies are associated with activating GPCR mutations. Constitutive activity of the human herpesvirus 8-encoded GPCR (ORF74), for example, is essential for its oncogenic potential to cause angioproliferative Kaposi's sarcoma-like lesions. The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) encodes four GPCRs, of which US28 and UL33 display constitutive activity in transfected, but also HCMV-infected, cells. In addition, US28 is activated by a broad spectrum of chemokines. Furthermore, both US28 and UL33 show promiscuous G-protein coupling, whereas chemokine receptors activate primarily G
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-63
JournalTrends in Pharmacological Sciences
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

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