Health risks associated with pesticide residues in sediments, fish, and plants from the Ouémé Valley in the Republic of Bénin

E. Yehouenou A. Pazou, J.P. Azehoun, P.E. Aleodjrodo, N.M. van Straalen, A.G.M. van Hattum, C.A.M. van Gestel

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To determine possible human and environmental health risks, organochlorine pesticide residues were determined in vegetables grown in floodplains along the Ouémé River near Lowé in Bénin. Testing of vegetables found 13 pesticides with ΣDDT, α-endosulfan, Σdrin, and lindane being most important. The same pesticides were also detected in plants eaten by bovine cattle, sheep, and herbivorous fish. Human pesticide intake by vegetable consumption was compared with tolerable daily intake (TDI) values reported by the World Health Organization. Pesticide intake by fish consumption was estimated from residue levels in whole fish collected from the Ouémé River in 2004 and reported earlier. Fish consumption does not pose a risk for human health, but consuming vegetables that contain pesticide residues may lead to exceedance of TDI values. Based on these findings, concerns are warranted, and more work is needed to understand the full exposure profile for the local population. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-265
JournalArchives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013


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