Heritability of the affective response to exercise and its correlation to exercise behavior

Nienke M. Schutte, Ineke Nederend, James J. Hudziak, Meike Bartels, Eco J.C. de Geus

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES\nIndividual differences in adolescent exercise behavior are strongly influenced by genetic factors. The affective response to exercise is a potential source of these genetic influences. To test its role in the motivation to exercise, we estimated the heritability of the affective responses during and after exercise and the overlap with the genetic factors influencing regular voluntary exercise behavior. \n\nDESIGN\n226 twin pairs and 38 siblings completed two submaximal exercise tests on a cycle ergometer and a treadmill and a maximal exercise test on a cycle ergometer. Affective responses were assessed by the Feeling Scale (FS), Borg's Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE) and the Activation-Deactivation Adjective Checklist (AD ACL). \n\nMETHODS\nMultivariate structural equation modeling was used to estimate heritability of the affective responses during and after submaximal and maximal exercise and the (genetic) correlation with self-reported regular voluntary exercise behavior over the past year. \n\nRESULTS\nGenetic factors explained 15% of the individual differences in FS responses during the cycle ergometer test, as well as 29% and 35% of the individual differences in RPE during the cycle ergometer and treadmill tests, respectively. For the AD ACL scales, heritability estimates ranged from 17% to 37% after submaximal exercise and from 12% to 37% after maximal exercise. Without exception, more positive affective responses were associated with higher amounts of regular exercise activity (0.15 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-148
Number of pages10
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2017

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Heritability of the affective response to exercise and its correlation to exercise behavior'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this