High activity enables life on a high-sugar diet: blood glucose regulation in nectar-feeding bats

Detlev H Kelm, Ralph Simon, Doreen Kuhlow, Christian C Voigt, Michael Ristow

Research output: Contribution to JournalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

High blood glucose levels caused by excessive sugar consumption are detrimental to mammalian health and life expectancy. Despite consuming vast quantities of sugar-rich floral nectar, nectar-feeding bats are long-lived, provoking the question of how they regulate blood glucose. We investigated blood glucose levels in nectar-feeding bats (Glossophaga soricina) in experiments in which we varied the amount of dietary sugar or flight time. Blood glucose levels increased with the quantity of glucose ingested and exceeded 25 mmol l(-1) blood in resting bats, which is among the highest values ever recorded in mammals fed sugar quantities similar to their natural diet. During normal feeding, blood glucose values decreased with increasing flight time, but only fell to expected values when bats spent 75 per cent of their time airborne. Either nectar-feeding bats have evolved mechanisms to avoid negative health effects of hyperglycaemia, or high activity is key to balancing blood glucose levels during foraging. We suggest that the coevolutionary specialization of bats towards a nectar diet was supported by the high activity and elevated metabolic rates of these bats. High activity may have conferred benefits to the bats in terms of behavioural interactions and foraging success, and is simultaneously likely to have increased their efficiency as plant pollinators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3490-6
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Volume278
Issue number1724
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Blood Glucose
  • Chiroptera
  • Diet
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Energy Metabolism
  • Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Motor Activity
  • Plant Nectar
  • Time Factors
  • Journal Article

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